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10th International Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

1996
Melbourne, Australia
Editor: Ahmad Shayan

Theme: Introduction
Author(s) Title
Ahmad Shayan

Table of Contents/Preface

Theme: Keynote Lectures
S. DiamondAlkali – Silica Reactions : Some Paradoxes
G. IdornSystematic ASR Research : Australian Research 1940s’ to 1958
P.E. Bellew-GrattanA Critical Review of Accelerated AAR Tests

D.M. Roy

J.H. Lee

AAR Investigation of Concretes for Storage of Radioactive Wastes
M. Regourd-MoranvilleModelling of Expansions Induced by ASR : New Approaches
R.N. SwamyAssessment and Rehabilitation of AAR – Affected Structures

Theme: National Reviews on Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity

A. Shayan

W.K. Green

F.G. Collins

Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Australia

M.O. Braga Reis

H.S. Silva

A.S. Silva

Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in Portuguese Structures. Some Case Histories

B. Fournier

A. Bilodeau

V.M. Malhotra

CANMET I Industry Research Consortium on Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity (ASR)

W.M.M Heijnen

J.A. Larbi

A.J.M. Siemes

Alkali-Silica Reaction in the Netherlands

J. Noh

Y. Lee

J. Chung

J. Yoon

Presence of Alkali-Silica Reactive Aggregates in Korea
R.E. OberholsterCase Studies of the Practical and Economical Impact of Alkali-Silica Reaction in South Africa
V. JensenPresent Experience with Aggregate Testing in Norway

H.S. Silva

M.O. Braga Reis

A.S. Silva

Geological Conditioning of ASR Development. A Brief Evaluation of Portuguese Mainland

D.A. St John

S.A.Freltag

Fifty Years of Investigation and Control of AAR in New Zealand

W.L. Tse

S.T. Gilbert

A Case Study of the Investigation of AAR in Hong Kong

T. Yen

B.L. Chu

C.K. Lu

J.C. Liao

Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity in Western Taiwan
Theme: General Topics on Alkali Aggregate Reaction
I. SimsPhantom, Opportunistic, Historical and Real AAR – Getting Diagnosis Right

D.A. St John

S.A. Freitag

Alkali Aggregate Reaction in Existing Structures – What Can it Tell Us?

A. Leshchinsky

J. Pattison

I. Domitru

G. Smorchevsky

Alkali-Silica Reaction; Ready-Mixed Concrete Producers’ View Point

M. Tang

M. Deng

Z. Xu

X. Lan

S. Han

Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in China

A. Le Roux

J-S. Guedon-Dubied

The French Preventitive Approach to AAR Compared to Experience
Theme: Diagnosis of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete
D.W. HobbsDiagnosis of the cause of Cracking in Four Structures in Which ASR is Occurring

K-J. Hunger

H. Wollgam

R. Frey

Concrete Damage caused by Greywacke Reactions – an AAR?

V. Andrei

M. Muntean

A. Oltean

Investigation of ASR by Physico-Chemical Analysis in the Case of different Constructions from Romania

R.J. Leamon

A. Shayan

Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in a Concrete Water Storage Tank

T. Katayama

D. Bragg

Alkali-Aggregate Reaction Combined with Freeze/Thaw in Newfoundland, Canada Petrography using EPMA

Z. Shu

M. Deng

Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in the Cement Concrete Pavements of Airport

I. Ross

A. Shayan

Alkali Aggregate Reaction in Western Australia: Investigations on the Causeway Bridge and some Aggregate Sources

M. Deng

Z. Xu

X. Lan

M. Tang

Railway Ties Affected by Alkali-Aggregate Reactions

M. Nadu

M. Schieber

J. Nissenbaum

M. Braiman

S. Boyko

D. Shtakelberg

Alkali-Aggregate Reaction Experiments in Israeli.
Theme: Testing for Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity
R.D. HootonRecent Developments in Testing for ASR in North America

G. Barisone

G. Restivo

The ASTM C 289 Method and the Kinetic Test in the Study of Alkali-Silica Reactivity of Italian Alluvial Deposits

T. Katayama

M. Ochiai

H. Kondo

Alkali Reactivity of some Japanese Carbonate Rocks based on Standard Test

B. Fournier

V.M. Malhotra

Inter-Laboratory Study on the CSA A23.2-14A Concrete Prism Test for Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity in Concrete

X. Mu

Z. Xu

M. Deng

M. Tang

Abnormal Expansion of Coarse-Grained Calcite in Autoclaved Method
D.W. HobbsLong Term Movements due to Alkali-Silica Reaction and their Prediction

P.A. Dunbar

P.K. Mukherjee

R. Bleszynski

M.D.A. Thomas

A Comparison of Damage Rating Index with Long-Term Expansion of Concrete Prisms due to Alkali-Silica Reaction

K. Kishitani

M. Kobayashi

H. Tamura

Study on a Standard Rapid Test Method for Identification of ASR Susceptibility of Concrete

A.K. Mullick

R.C. Wason

NBRI Tests on Aggregate Containing Strained Quartz

A.A. Ramezanianpour

M. Karimi

Evaluation of Aggregates for AAR using Accelerated Test Methods
D. StarkImmersion Test to Identify Cement Alkali Levels and Pozzolans to Prevent ASR
C. RogersMulti-Laboratory Study of Accelerated Mortar Bar Test for Alkali-Silica Reaction

S. Nishibayashi

T. Kuroda

S. Inoue

Y. Okawa

Expansion Characteristics of AAR in Concrete by Autoclave Method

T. Katayama

T.S. Helgason

H. Olafsson

Petrography and Alkali-Reactivity of some Volcanic Aggregates from Iceland
J.B. AshbyBlast Furnace Slag’s Potential Alkali Reactivity and Long Term Service
Theme: Structural Effects of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

A.E.K. Jones

L.A. Clark

A Review of the Institution of Structural Engineers Report “Structural Effects of Alkali-Silica Reaction (1992)”

T. Thorsen

E.S. Larsen

Alkali-Silica Reactions in Damaged Concrete – Static and Dynamic Tests – Material Investigations

K. Takemura

M. Ichitsubo

E. Tazawa

A. Yonekura

Mechanical Performance of ASR Affected Nearly Full-Scale Reinforced Concrete Column

J.M. Salam

S.R. Rigden

E. Burley

The Influence of Stress Intensity and Time of Application on the Mechanical Properties of ASR Affected Concrete

T. Wang

S. Nishibayashi

K. Nakano

Fractal Analysis of Cracked Surface in AAR Concrete

I.M. May

R.J. Cope

H.X. Wen

Modelling of the Structural Behaviour of AAR Affected Reinforced Concrete Members

Y. Majlesi

S.R. Rigden

E. Burley

Restraint Effects on the Performance of Various ASR Structural Elements

J.G.M. Wood

P. Nixon

P. Livesey

Relating ASR Structural Damage to Concrete Composition and Environment

W. Koyanagi

K. Rokugo

Y. Uchida

H. Iwase

Deformation Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams Deteriorated by AAR

B. Durand

C. Gravel

K. Saleh

S. Tremblay

G. Ballivy

Some Considerations on the Evaluation of Potential Residual Expansion of AAR Affected Hydroelectric Dams

C. Qian

H. Guo

J. Wang

A. Yan

Influence of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction on Flexural Properties of Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete
Theme: Preventive Effects of Mineral Admixtures on AAR

M. Berra

G. De Cassa

T. Mangialardi

Evolution of Chemical and Physical Parameters of Blended Cement Mortars Subjected to the NaOH Bath Test

B.Q. Blackwell

M.D.A. Thomas

K. Pettifer

P.J. Nixon

An Appraisal of UK Greywacke Deposits and Current Methods of Avoiding AAR

N.K. Blaikie

A.J. Bowling

A. Carse

The Assessment and Management of Alklai-Silica Reaction in the Gordon River Power Development Intake Tower

S.I. Pavlenko

M.A. Shmelkov

Effect of Silica Fume on Reducing Risk of Free Lime Expansion in Cementless Concrete

H. Hornain

B. Thuret

S. Guedon-Dubied

A. Le Roux

F.I. Laporte

et.al

Influence of Aggregates and Mineral Additives on the Composition of the Pore Solution
B. DurandReview of Methods used at Hydro-Quebec to Prevent Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in Concrete Structures

M.D. Connell

D.D. Higgins

Effectiveness of Granulated Blastfurnace Slag in Preventing Alkali Silica Reaction

A. Shayan

R.G. Diggins

I. Ivanusec

Long-Term Effectiveness of Flyash in Preventing Deleterious Expansions due to Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete

Q. Bian

X. Wu

M. Tang

S. Nishibayashi

T. Kuroda

et. al

Effect of Reactive Aggregate Powder on Suppressing Expansion· due to Alkali-Silica Reaction

M.D.A. Thomas

B.Q. Blackwell

Summary of BRE Research on the Effect of Fly Ash on Alkali-Silica Reaction in Concrete

G. Gudmundsson

H. Olafsson

Silica Fume in Concrete – 16 Years of Experience in Iceland

W.J. French

C. Tye

Autoclave Testing of Concrete with Respect to AAR

P.X. Fu

Y.L. Li

H.M. Feng

Q. Huang

Alkali-Silica Reactive Aggregates in Beijing Area
Theme: Effects of Surface Coatings and Cathodic Protection on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

B. Godart

M. Michel

P. Fasseu

Treatment of Structures by Water-Proof Coating

T. Miyagawa

A. Hattori

M. Fujii

S. Kurihara

Effect of Various Types of Silanes on Expansion due to Alkali-Silica Reaction
F. SalomeField Evaluation of the Mitigating Effect of Silane Treatment on AAR in Concrete Railway Sleepers

M. Wakasugi

H. Kamimoto

T. Miyagawa

H. Tamura

T. Hori

S. Okabayashi

Effect of Concrete Surface Coating on Prevention of Alkali Silica Reaction

S. Tanikawa

J-C. Laiw

R.N. Swamy

A Flexible Acrylic Rubber Surface Coating, a Cure for ASR Expansion

J. Wang

M. Humphrey

D. Bayer

Control of ASR Expansion by Coatings

M. Kawamura

K. Torii

K. Takeuchi

S. Tanikawa

Long-Term ASR Expansion Behaviour of Concrete Cubes in Outdoor Exposure Conditions

T.K.M. Al-Kadhimi

P.F.G. Banfill

The Effect of Electrochemical Re-Alkalisation on Alkali-Silica Expansion in Concrete

T. Kuroda

S. Nishibayashi

Q. Bian

Study of Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in Electrical Fields

K. Torii

M. Kawamura

K. Matsumoto

K. Ishii

Influence of Cathodic Protection on Cracking and Expansion of the Beams due to Alkali-Silica Reaction
Theme: Modelling of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

C. Larive

O. Coussy

Behaviour of AAR-Affected Concrete. Part 1: Modelling

C. Larive

A. Laplaud

M. Joly

Behaviour of AAR-Affected Concrete. Part 2: Experimental Data for a Theoretical Model

H.X. Wen

R.V. Balendran

Use of Analytical Methods to Estimate Concrete Deterioration Due to AAR

B. Capra

J.P. Bournazel

M. Moranville-Regourd

A Mathematical Modelling to Describe the Effects of Alkali-Aggregates Reactions in Concrete Structures

A. Sellier

J.P. Bournazel

A. Mebarki

Modelling the Alkali-Aggregate Reaction within a Probabilistic Framework
Theme: Aggregate Reactivity

A. Shayan

J.A. Ferguson

Reactive Quartz Gravel from Eastern Victoria

C-K. Park

S-K. Hyun

H-K. Oh

Investigation of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Aggregates

K. Nakano

I. Ginyama

A. Matsunaga

T. Toshigi

Y. Ono

R. Tomita

et al.

Study on Alkali Carbonate Rock Reaction of Japanese Limestone Aggregate

J. Shirke

K. Venugopal

B.M. Rame Gowda

Pyroclastic and Associated Basalts of India in Relation to AAR
F.H. ShrimerEvaluation of an Alkali-Reactive Aggregate Undetected by Petrographic Methods

T. Liang

M. Tang

Concurrence of Alkali-Silica and Alkali-Dolomite Reaction

P.L. Rayment

C.A. Haynes

The Alkali-Silica Reactivity of Flint Aggregates
B.J. WigumA Classification of Norwegian Cataclastic Rocks for Alkali-Reactivity
A.S. JoycePetrographic Aspects of Alkali-Silica Reaction in Eastern Australian Concretes

G. Barisone

G. Restivo

Alkali-Silica Reactivity of some Italian and European Flints
R. GoguelSelective Dissolution Techniques in AAR Investigation : Application to an Example of Failed Concrete
Theme: Mechanisms of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

D.E. Macphee

F.P. Glasser

A Modelling Approach to the Prediction of Pore Fluid Alkalinity in Concretesv

F. Martineau

J-S. Guedon-Dubied

C. Larive

Evaluation of the Relationships between Swelling, Cracking, Developments of Gels

W. Prince

R. Perami

B. Baulande

A New Device for AAR Swelling Pressure Determination

M. Radonjic

K.V. Ragnarsdottir

G.C. Allen

P. Livesey

Spectroscopic Studies of Alkali Induced Reactions at Cement Carbonaceous Aggregate Interfaces
Theme: Effects of the Environment on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

R.G. Sibbick

C.L. Page

Effects of Sodium Chloride on the Alkali-Silica Reaction in Hardened Concretes

J. Duchesne

M.A. Berube

Effect of Deicing Salt and Sea Water on ASR: New Considerations Based on Experimental Data

M. Kawamura

T. Takeda

K. Takeuchi

Role of Gypsum in Expansion of Mortars Containing Reactive Aggregate in NaCl Solution

Y. Ohama

K. Demura

D. Suzuki

Evaluation of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction Inhibitors by Partial Immersion Test of Concrete in 2.5% NaCl Solution

J. Tragardh

B. Lagerblad

Influence of ASR Expansion on the Frost Resistance of Concrete
Theme: Other Preventative Measures for Alkali-Aggregate Reaction
D.B. StokesUse of Lithium to Combat Alkali Silica Reactivity

Q. Bian

S. Nishibayashi

T. Kuroda

X. Wu

M. Tang

Various Chemicals in Suppressing Expansion due to Alkali-Silica Reaction

Y. Kuramoto

Y. Nakamura

Y. Matsuda

Effects of Alkali Substitution on Suppression of AAR

H.H. Wang

D.B. Stokes

F. Tang

Compatibility of Lithium Based Admixture with other Concrete Admixtures

A. Le Roux

B. Godart

Evolution of AAR Preventive Measures Adopted in France
Theme: Theory and Research Topics

M-A. Bérubé

J. Duchesne

M. Rivest

Alkali Contribution by Aggregates to Concrete

J. Lombardi

P. Massard

A. Perruchot

Do the Alkalis Belong to the Structure of Gels Products of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction?

Q. Chunxiang

G. Hongding

Influence of Alkali Content on the Properties of Concrete Containing Beijing Aggregate

W. Wieker

C. Hubert

R. Ebert

Contribution to the Chemical Reaction Mechanism of the Alkali-Silica-Reaction

R. Dron

F. Brivot

Solid-Liquid Equilibria in K-C-S-H / H20 Systems

J. Lombardi

A. Perruchot

P. Massard

C. Larive

Study of Ca-Si Gels, Products of Alkali Silica Reaction
Theme: Microstructure in Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

A.B. Poole

H.H. Patel

V. Sheikh

Alkali Silica and Ettringite Expansions in ‘Steam Cured’ Concretes

J.P. Bournazel

M. Moranville-Regourd

A. Sellier

Microstructure of Steam Cured Concretes Deteriorated by Alkali-Silica Reaction

V. Andrei

A. Criaud

Alkali-Aggregate Reactions Products Identified in Concrete after High Temperature Cure in Alkaline Solution at 150 C

M. Saito

M. Kawamura

Alkali-Silica Reaction in Reactive Aggregate-Cement Paste Interfacial Regions

Z. Xu

D. Lu

S. Han

M. Tang

An Occurrence of AAR in a Cooling Tower in China

F. Jehenne

H. Homain

G. Martinet

Pop-Out Formation and Bulk Cracking of Concrete Induced by Calcareous Metamorphic Aggregates in Tropical Environment
Theme: Repair and Maintenance of Structures Affected by Alkali-Aggregate Reaction
G. BlightEngineering Properties of Reinforced Concrete Damaged by AAR

K. Okada

M. Fujii

Y. Yamaguchi

S. Kobayashi

Maintenance System for Highway Structures Damaged by ASR

T. Miyagawa

K. Ono

K. Nakano

Y. Yamaguchi

S. Kobayashi

Evaluation of New Materials Developed for Repairing AAR Damaged Reinforced Concrete Structures

K. Domon

S. Moriya

T. Uchida

H. Fukuda

T. Taki

K. Noda

An Experimental Study on AAR-Inhibiting Effects of Various Repair Methods

M.J.S. Davies

W.R. Grace

W.K. Green

F.G. Collins

Assessment and Management of a Marine Structure Affected by ASR
A. CarseThe Asset Management of a Long Bridge Structure Affected by Alkali-Silica Reaction

K. Okada

K. Sonoda

T. Kojima

K. Seki

Y. Murayama

Deterioration of Reinforced Concrete Slabs with Alkali Aggregate Reaction

M. Fujii

K. Kobayashi

T. Kojima

Y. Adachi

S. Kurihara

An Experimental Study on Strengthening ASR-Damaged Reinforced Concrete members with carbon fiber sheet

K. Takeo

H. Matsushita

Y. Matasufuji

T. Sato

Surveys and Repairs of AAR-Damaged Concrete Structures : (Bridge Substructure and Water Tank)

M-A. Bérubé

D. Chouinard

L. Boisvert

J. Frenette

M. Pigeon

Influence of Wetting-Drying and Freezing-Thawing Cycles, and Effectiveness of Sealers on ASR