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13th International Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

Trondheim, Norway
Maarten A.T.M Broekmans and Børge J. Wigum



Jones, Karl M.
Liberty, Paul K.
Smith, Jennine R.
Black, Marjorie L.

Alkali-Aggregate Reaction: A Method to Quantify the Reaction Degree

D. Min
L. Xu
X. Lan
M. Tang

Microstructures and Alkali-Reactivity of Permian Emeishan Group Basaltic Rocks

X. Fenga
M.D.A. Thomas
T.W. Bremner
K.J. Folliard
B. Fournier

Summary of Research on the Effect of LiNO3 on Alkali-Silica Reaction in New Concrete

P.E. Grattan-Bellew
J. Margeson
L.D. Mitchell
M. Deng

Is ACR Just Another Variant of ASR? Comparison of Acid Insoluble Resudues of Alkali-Silica and Alkali-Carbonate Reactive Limestones and Its Significance for the ASR/ACR Debate

Y. Mikata
S. Maeda
Y. Hatano
S. Inoue

Effect of Fractured Anchorage of Shear Reinforcements on Loading Capacity of PC Beams

K. Nishimura
K. Muroda
Y. Kobayashi
H. Taniguchi
T. Miyagawa

Experimental Study on Shear Strength and Reinforcement of PC Members Affected by Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR)

S. Matsumoto
T. Miyagawa
Y. Yamaguchi
Y. Hisari
T. Goto

Impregnation Depth of Silane Penetrant System and Its Effect on ASR Expansion

A. Leeman
J.G. Hammerschlag
C. Thalmann

Inconsistencies Between Different Accelerated Test Methods Used to Assess Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity

T. Andrade
J.J.R. Silva
C.M. da Silva
N.P. Hasparyk

History of Some AAR Cases in the Recife Region of Brazil

A.L.Z. de P. Silveira
N.P. Hasparyk
W.C. Chiossi
L. dos Anjos Farias
S.L.R. Lenharo

Investigation of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Brazilian Carbonate Rocks

M. Berra
F. Carassiti
T. Mangialardi
A.E. Paolini
M. Sebastiani

Use of Nano-Silica for Preventing Expansive Alkali- Silica Reaction in Concrete

D. Min
Z. Xu
M. Tang

Suitability of Test Methods for Alkali-Silica Reactivity of Aggregates to Chinese Aggregates

M.A.C. Juliani
L. Becocci
R. Carrazedo

Detection of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Guarulhos International Airport Aircraft Apron: Methodology, Test Campaign, Results and Recommendations

S.A. Marfil
P.J. Maiza

Petroghaphic Study of a Building Deteriorated Due to Alkali-Silica Reaction, in Buenos Aires City (Argentina)

J. Stark
K. Seyfarth

Assessment of Specific Pavement Concrete Mixtures by Using an ASR Performance-Test

T. Katayama
H. Sommer

Further Investigation of the Mechanisms of So- Called Alkali-Carbonate Reaction Based on Modern Petrographic Techniques

T. Daidai
K. Torii

A Proposal for Rehabilitation of ASR-Affected Bridge Piers With Fractured Steel Bars

A. Hamoudi
L. Khouchaf
P. Cordier

Long, Medium and Short Range Order Changes in Amorphous SiO2 Exposed to Alkali Silica Reaction

A. Santos Silva
A.F. Gonçlves
M. Pipa

Diagnosis and Prognosis of Portuguese Concrete Railway Sleepers Degradation – a Combination of ASR and DEF

K.J. Hünger
R. Bachmann
Y. Scholz
C. Hübert
M. Xiangyin

An Accelerated Chemical Test Method for ASR Carried Out Directly at Aggregate Grains

I. Fernandes
A. Santos Silva
J.P. Gomes
A. de Castro
F. Noronha

Characterization of AAR in Fagilde Dam

A.A. Ramezanianpour
K. Zarrabi
M. Mahdikhani

Mitigation of Alkali Agreggate Reaction of Concrete Incorporation Rice Husk Ash (RHA)

G. Gudmundsson

Condition Assessment of Shotcrete in 10 Year Old Shotcrete in Hvalfjordur Tunnel in Western Iceland

N.P. Hasparyk
P.J.M. Monteiro
D.C.C. Dal Molin

AAR in Furnas Dam, Brazil, Residual Expansion and the Effect of Lithium

V. Corinaldesi
G. Moriconi

Alkali-Aggregate Reaction: From Prognosis to Intervention

S. Lukschoyá
R. Přikryl
Z. Pertold

Identification of Alkali-Silica Reactive Fragments in Sands and Gravels, Using the Mortar Bar Method and Gel Pat Test, Modified by Petrographic Image Analysis

T. Katayama
T. Oshiro
Y. Sarai
K. Zaha
T. Yamato

Late-Expansive ASR Due to Imported Sand and Local Aggregates in Okinawa Island, Southwestern Japan

A. Shayan
R. Al-Mahaidi
A. Xu

Durability and Strength Assessment of AAR-Affected Bridge Deck Planks

K.J. Folliard
M.D.A. Thomas
J.H. Ideker
B. East
B. Fournier

Case Studies of Treating ASR-Affected Structures With Lithium Nitrate

A. Sellier
E. Bourdarot
S. Multon
M. Cyr
E. Grimal

Assessment of the Residual Expansion for Expertise of Structures Affected by AAR

B. Fournier
C. Rogers

Multi-Laboratory Study of Accelerated Mortar Bar Test and Concrete Prism Expansion Tests at 38° and 60°C

G.A. da Silva
R.A. Oliveira

Injections of Microcement in Pile Caps Cracked by Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

Q. Zhao
J. Stark
E. Freyburg
M. Zhou

The Mechanism of GBFs Preventing AAR: A Discussion

H. Nakagawa
M. Yokota
K. Matsuda
M. Matsushima

Prediction Method for Properties of Concrete on Ultrasonic Non-Destructive Testing

M. Gregerová
D.  Všianský

Geo-Visualization of Aggregate for AAR Prediction and Its Importance for Risk Management

J.D. Bakker

Control of ASR Related Risks in the Netherlands

S. Krispel

Portland-Slag Cements – Reduction of the Residual Risk of Aggregates Containing Reactive Components

C. Tremblay
M.A. Bérubé
B. Fournier
M.D. Thomas
K.J. Folliard

Experimental Investigation of the Mechanisms by Which liNO3 Is Effective Against ASR

V. Jensen
C. Merz

Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Norway and Switzerland. Survey Investigations and Structural Damage

T. Katayama

ASR Gel in Concrete Subject to Freeze-Thaw Cycles – Comparison Between Laboratory and Field Concretes From Newfoundland, Canada

M. Juliani
A.J.C.T Cavalcanti
R. Carrazedo
J.C. Gaspare

Analysis of the Effects Caused by Alkali Aggregate Reaction on the Structures of Moxotó Power Plant

Y. Hiroi
H. Manabe
T. Ihaya
T. Ookubo
T. Miyagawa

Experimental Study on the Long-Term Properties of Prestressed Concrete Members Affected by Alkali- Silica Reaction (ASR)

A. Leemann
B. Lothenbach

The Na2O-Equivalent of Cement: A Universal Parameter to Assess the Potential Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity of Concrete?

M. Nomura
K. Torii

The Alkali-Leaching Property of Sands and Inspection on Alkali-Leaching From Aggregate in Structures

X. Lingling
Li. Weiguang
L. Fang
T. Mingshu

Study on MMA-Based Repair Material for Repairing the Cracking Caused by AAR in Concrete

L. Zhihui
L. Xianghui
D. Min
X. Zhongzi
W. Fengyan
T. Mingshu

A New Mechanism of Mineral Admixture Suppressing Alkali-Silica Reaction

B. Fournier
J.H. Ideker
K.J. Folliard
M.D.A. Thomas
P.C. Nkinamubanzi
R. Chevrier

Effect of Environmental Conditions on Expansion in Concrete Due to Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR)

Z. Owsiak

Effects of Alkali-Silica Reaction on the Rate Delayed Ettringite Formation in Steam Cured Mortars

T. Yamamoto
A. Hattori
T. Miyagawa

Bond Behavior Between Reinforcement and Concrete With ASR Expansive Crack Artificially Induced Using Expansive Concrete

M.C. Bignozzi
A. Saccani

Expansion Behavior of Ground Glass Cullet Used as Aggregate or Cement Replacement

S. Jacobsen
J.  Lindgård
L. Fritz

Frost Dilation Measurements on Concrete Cores From a Dam With ASR

G.E. Blight

An Unexpected Observation After Drying AAR-Affected Concrete

T. Ueda
H. Naitou
M. Nagura
K. Sano
T. Miyagawa

Design System for Electrochemical Corrosion Control Techniques Considering Their Effects on Alkali–Silica Reaction

J. Olek
J. Lovell
S. Diamond
P.R. Rangaraju

A Microstructural Study of ASR Induced by Alkali Acetate and Formate Deicers

D. Lu
B. Fournier
P. Grattan-Bellew
Y. Lu
Z. Xu
M. Tang

Expansion Behaviour of Spratt and Pittsburg Limestones in Different Test Procedures

J.  Lindgård
B. Pedersen
S.K. Bremseth
P.A.  Rønning
T.F.  RønningK.O. Kjellsen

Experience Using the Norwegian 38°C Concrete Performance Test Evaluating the Alkali Reactivity of Concrete Mixes and Different Binder Combinations

D. Hooton
M. Thomas
T. Ramlochan
R. Bleszynshi

Durability of Ternary Blend Concrete With Silica Fume and Blast- Furnace Slag: Laboratory and Outdoor Exposure Site Studies

O.  Çopuroğlu
E. Schlangen
O.  Andiç-Çakır
E. Garcia-Diaz

Effect of Silica Dissolution on the Mechanical Properties of Alkali Reactive Basalt

A.S.M. Santos Silva
M.E. Melo Jorge
M.P. Rodrigues
A.F. Cristino

Research on the Suppression Expansion Due to ASR. Effect of Coatings and Lithium Nitrate

A. Mirdamadi
H. Layssi
M.H. Eftekhar
M. Shekarchi

Comparative Study of Metakaolin and Silica Fume to Prevent Alkali-Silica Reaction in Concrete

C. Dunant
A. Guidoum
K. Scrivener

Micro-Mechanical Modelling of ASR

C. Sannoh
K. Torii

Suppressing Effect of Various Mineral Admixtures on Combined Deterioration Caused by ASR and Chloride Attack

Y. Kawashima
K. Kosa
H. Goda
N. Koroki

Experimental Simulation of Reinforcing Bar Fracture by ASR

K. Eriksen
J. Jansson
M. Geiker

Assessment of Concrete Bridge Decks With Alkali Silica Reactions

E. Schlangen
O. Çopuroğlu
O. Andiç-Çakır
E. Garcia Diaz

Modelling ASR Expansions Based on Measurements of Local Properties of Expanding Gel

L.J. Malvar
L. Lenke
G.D. Cline

Use of Fly Ash in DOD Airfield Concrete Pavements

K.J. Huenger
C. Hübert
D. Heidemann

Formation of Kanemite From Precursor as a Model for ASR Gel Hydration

K. Torii
S. Wasada
T. Sasatani
T. Minato

A Survey on ASR-Affected Bridge Piers With Fracture of Steel Bars on Noto Expressway

J. Bokern

Concrete Tests for ASR Assessment:  Effects of Testing Environment on Preconditions for an ASR and Transferability of Test Results

B. Schouenborg
U. Akesson
L. Liedberg

Precision Trials Can Improve Test Methods for Alkali Aggregate Reaction (AAR) – Part of the Partner-Project

M. Kawamura
N. Arano
M. Juni

Transformation of the U Phase Into Ettringite in Reactive Aggregate-Containing Mortars Immersed in NaCl Solution

S. Multon
M. Cyr
A. Sellier
P. Diederich
L. Petit

Effects of Aggregate Size and Alkali Content on ASR Expansion

A. Kashima
K. Kawamata
H. Suzuki
T. Miyagawa
T. Kojima

Application of Cathodic Protection on Reinforced Concrete Deteriorated by Alkali-Silica Reaction

C. Müller
I. Borchers

Evaluation of Test Methods for the Assessment of the Alkali- Reactivity of Aggregates and Concrete Compositions

I. Borchers
C. Müller

Field Site Tests Established in the Partner Project for Evaluating the Correlation Between Laboratory Tests and Field Performance

M.H. Shehata
M.D.A. Thomas

The Role of Alkali Content of Portland Cement on the Expansion of Concrete Containing Reactive Aggregates and Supplementary Cementing Materials

J. Stark
C. Giebson

Influence of Acetate and Formate Based Deicers on ASR in Airfield Concrete Pavements

P. Demars
P. Gilles
E. Dondonne
G. Lefebvre
A. Darimont
G. Lorenzi
G. Henriet
M.A. Marion

The Degradation of the Bridge Deck Slabs in Belgium Mainly Involves Alkali-Aggregate Reactions

K. Okuyama
K. Ishii
Y. Okuda
K. Torii

Strengthening and Monitoring Techniques for ASR-Affected Footing of Bridge Pier

F. Shrimer
A. Briggs
B. Hudson

Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Western Canada: Review of Current Trends

E. Grimal
A. Sellier
S. Multon
Y. Le Pape
E. Bourdarot

Concrete Modelling for Expertise of Structure Affected by Alkali Aggregate Reaction

G. Bar-Nes
Y. Peled
M. Arbel-Haddad
Y. Zeiri
A. Katz

The Effect of High Salt Concentration on the Integrity of Silica-Fume Blended Cementitious Matrices for Waste Immobilization Applications

D. Bulteel
E. Garcia-Diaz
P. Dégrugilliers

Influence of Lithium Hydroxide on Alkali-Silica Reaction

A.J.C.T. Cavalcanti
M.A.C. Juliani
G. Tristão
J.F.A. Silveira

Evaluation of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction Expansion on Pedra Dam by Mathematical Model

E. Rodum
J.  Lindgård
H. Stemland
M. Haugen
O. Skjølsvold

Early Damages Due to Alkali Aggregate Reactions in a Swimming Pool – Diagnosis and Rate of Expansion

L. Sanchez
S.C. Kuperman
P. Helene
Y. Kihara

Trials to Correlate the Accelerated Mortar Bar Test, the Standard and the Accelerated Concrete Prism Tests

S. Larsen
J. Lindgård
E. Thorenfeldt
E. Rodum
M. Haugen

Experiences From Extensive Condition Survey and Fem- Analyses of Two Norwegian Concrete Dams With ASR

J.G.M. Wood

Improving Guidance for Engineering Assessment and Management of Structures With AAR

P.N. Silva
A.J.C.T. Cavalcanti
S.C. Kuperman
P. Helene
N.P. Hasparyk

AAR at Paulo Afonso Hydroelectric Complex, Part I: Influence on the Mechanical and Elastic Properties of the Concrete

E. Nakamura
H. Watanabe
H. Koga

Shear Resisting Mechanism in RC Beams With Stirrups Fractured Due to ASR Expansion

S. Inoue
H. Oshita
K. Sawai
Y. Hatano

Effect of Rupture of Shear Reinforcement on Shear Capacity of ASR Damaged Reinforced Concrete Beams

H.J.M. Román
R.E.R. Camacho
R.U. Afif
G. Martinez
D.R. Rodriguez

Evaluation of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Aggregates From Igneous Rocks

K. Era
T. Mihara
A. Kaneyoshi
T. Miyagawa

Controlling Effect of Lithium Nitrite on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

P. Rivard
G. Ballivy
C. Gravel
F. Saint-Pierre

Monitoring of an Hydraulic Structure Affected by ASR: A Case Study

M. Shehata
C. Christidis
W. Mikhaiel
C. Rogers
M. Lachemi

Reactivity of Reclaimed Concrete Aggregate Produced From Concrete Affected by Alkali Silica Reaction

Y. Kawabata
K. Yamada
H. Matsushita

Alkali-Silica Reactivity and Expansion of Mortar Incorporating Glassy Andesite in Alkaline Solution

C. Lee
C.C. Liu
W.C. Wang

Effect of the Distance Between Electrodes on the Performance of Using Electrochemical Technique to Repair the Concrete Damaged by AAR

F.A.dC Munhoz
Y. Kihara
M.A. Cincotto

Effect of Mineral Admixtures on to the Mitigation of Alkali-Silica Reaction in Concrete

T. Pyle
J. Gage
V. Jain
B. Lenz
D. Glauz

Efficacy of Alkali-Silica Reactivity Mitigation Measures and Their Effects on the Engineering Properties of Concrete

A.M. López-Buendia
V. Climent
M.M. Urquiola
J. Bastida

Influence of Dolomite Stability on Alkali-Carbonate Reaction

P. Gilles
P. Demars
E. Dondonne
G. Lorenzi
A. Darimont

A New Test to Assess the Concrete Susceptibility to “the Decay” of the Bridge Deck Slabs

A. Shayan
A. Aimin

Factors Affecting the Expansion and Cracking of Model Bridge Piles in Seawater, and the Effects of Mechanical Confinement

R. Takahashi
Y. Sato
T. Yamaji

Tensile Behaviour of Rc Member Subjected to AAR

P. Hagelia

Chemistry of ASR-Gels and Pore Fluids in Ultra- Accelerated Mortar Bars: Evidence for Si-Control on Gel Expansion Properties

H. Layssi
M. Shekarchi
M. Abbasi
M.H. Eftekhar

Evaluation of the Alkali-Silica Reactivity of Rocks from Iran, ARAs Region

H. Goda
M. Hibino
M. Kawamoto
M. Kai

Bond Strength Between Steel Bar and Concrete Using Accelarated Expansion Test Method of ASR Imitated With Glass

S. Hajighasemali
A.A. Ramezanianpour
V. Lotfi

Flexural Strength and Numerical Simulation of ASR Affected Beams

M. Mizuta
T. Kojima
K. Kuzume

Analytical Evaluation of Effect on ASR of RC Structure Using Meso-Scale Concrete Element by Fem

B.J. Wigum
J.  Lindgård

AAR: Testing, Mitigation & Recommendations. the Norwegian Approach During Two Decades of Research.

I. Sims
P.J. Nixon
I. Blanchard
P. Bennett-Hughes

Assessment of Concrete in Service in the UK – Remembering the Value of Practical Petrography

S.U. Einarsdóttir
B.J. Wigum

Alkali Aggregate Reaction in Iceland – New Test Methods

Y. Kawabata
H. Hamada
Y. Sagawa
J. Miyake
T. Ikeda

Fly Ash Characterization Related to Mitigation of Expansion Due to ASR

T. Kuroda
S. Inoue
A. Yoshino
S. Nishibayashi
T. Miyagawa

Effects of Accelerated Test Conditions on ASR Expansion of Concrete Core

A. Shayan
A. Xu
H. Morris

Comparative Study of the Concrete Prism Test (Cpt 60°C, 100% Rh) and Other Accelerated Tests

M. Berra
G. Faggiani
T. Mangialardi
A.E. Paolini

Influence of Stress Restraint on the Expansive Behaviour of Concrete Affected by ASR

J. Ke
M. Deng

Study of Concrete Expansion Due to ASR Based on BP Neural Networks

J. Chen
A.R. Jayapalan
K.E. Kurtis
J.Y. Kim
L.J. Jacobs

Ultra-Accelerated Assessment of Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity by Nonlinear Ultrasonic Techniques

M. Böhm
S. Baetzner

The Effect of the Alkalinity of the Pore Solution on ASR

M.R. Carvalho
E.M.R. Fairbairn
R.D. Toledo-Filho
G.C. Cordeiro

Influence of Steel Fibers on the Development of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction

H. Wen
Y. Wang

Formulae for Estimating AAR Expansion in Concrete Structures Based on Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Measurement

E. Garcia-Diaz
D. Bulsteel
Y. Monnin
P. Degrugilliers
F.P. Patrick

Pessimum Behaviour of Siliceous Limestone Aggregates

K. Schmidt
H. Hilbig
R.E. Beddoe
D. Heinz

Prevention of ASR With Supplementary Cementitious Materials – Long Term Pore Solution Investigations

P.J. Nixon
J. Lindgård
I. Borchers
B.J. Wigum
B. Schouenborg

The EU “Partner” Project- European Standard Tests to Prevent Alkali Reactions in Aggregates Final Results and Recommendations

J.H. Ideker
B.L. East
K.J. Folliard
M.D.A. Thomas
B. Fournier

The Current State of the Accelerated Concrete Prism Test

M. Haugen
J.  Lindgård
E. Akesson
B. Schouenborg

Experience From Using the Rilem Aar-1 Petrographic Method Among European Petrographers – Part of the Partner Project

Y. Kubo
Y. Watanabe
T. Ueda
T. Kuroda
N. Nomura

Influence of ASR Expansion on Mechanical Properties of Concrete Deteriorated by ASR

P.N. Silva
A.J.C.T. Cavalcanti
S.B. dos Santos
A.N.dM. Lopes
N.P. Hasparyk

AAR at Paulo Afonso Hydroelectric Complex, Part II: Creep of Concrete Cores Affected by the Alkali- Aggregate Reaction

B. Godart
L. Divet

The New French Recommendations to Prevent Disorders Due to Delayed Ettringite Formation

C. Thalmann
A. Leemann
J.G. Hammerschlag
M. Knecht

Testing of Aggregates Regarding Alkali-Aggregate-Reactivity – Proposal for Recommendations in Switzerland

A. Shayan
A. Xu
G. Chirgwin
H. Morris

Effects of Seawater on AAR Expansion of Concrete

G.M. Ahlstrom
J. Mullarky
F. Faridazar

The United States Federal Highway Administration’s Efforts to Eliminate Alkali-Silica Reaction in Concrete Transportation Structures

O. Andiç-Çakır
O. Çopuroğlu
K. Ramyar

Effect of Aggregate Grading on Concrete Microbar Expansions

O. Andiç-Çakır
O. Çopuroğlu
F.  Gülen
K. Ramyar

Effect of Pre-Curing Period on Accelerated Mortar Bar and Concrete Microbar Tests

M. Thomas
N. Beaman
S. Hayman
P. Gilks

Evaluating ASR Prevention Strategies for the Reconstruction of Concrete Structures at Mactaquac Generating Station